Scientists at the University of Maine have used one of the world’s largest 3D printers to create the “Biohome3D,” a house 3D printed from 100% natural materials. At a snug 600 square feet, it’s far from a mansion, but it towers over the most colossal homes in the world in its own way – namely that it’s the very first 3D-printed home made entirely from eco-friendly components.
The floors, walls and roof of “Biohome3D” are all 3D printed and are made from a mixture of organic resins and sustainably sourced wood fibres. It is also 100% recyclable. While its creation was a huge undertaking between the University of Maine, the U.S. Department of Energy, and other parties, its actual assembly was much faster than most traditional homes: The University of Maine notes in a press release that four large 3D modules were printed before the house was put together in about half a day, and it took an electrician two hours to fully wire it up.
University of Maine spokespersons note that “Biohome3D” was created to alleviate the current shortage of affordable housing in the US, stating, “Less time is required to build and furnish the home on site due to the use of automated and off-site manufacturing.Printing using abundant, renewable, locally sourced wood fiber raw materials reduces reliance on a limited supply chain.These materials support the revitalization of local forest products industries and are more resilient to global supply chain disruptions and labor shortages .” Future iterations of the home will be customizable so they can meet “a homeowner’s space, energy efficiency, and aesthetic preferences.”
“Biohome 3D” currently resides outside the University of Maine’s Advanced Structures and Composites Center, equipped with sensors that monitor structural integrity as well as thermal and environmental capabilities. Data collected from these sensors will inform future designs as the first “Biohome3D” is a prototype.
Check out the full statement from the University of Maine for more information, and if you’re looking for other enlightening design news, check out the “permanently lit” lamp collaboration between Palace and Anglepoise.